how is muga silk made
The fact that Kamrupa produced Suvarnakudyaka is confirmed by the 8th century writer Kumārila Bhaṭṭa who, in his commentary of Arthashatra, said that the Muga silk was a product of Kamrupa(Kamarupeschaiva Suvarna Kudyah). Muga silk fabric is only produced in the state of Assam in India, and muga silkworms are semi-domesticated. The Hand-loom industry of Sualkuchi encompasses cotton textile, silk textile as well as Khadi cloth which are, in fact, traditional cloth endowing high social and moral value in and outside the state. In fact muga, "the golden fibre" is produced only in Assam and it has also tremendous export potentiality. The pride of India, Muga silk is known for its natural shimmering golden colour. In fact muga, "the golden fibre" is produced only in Assam and it has also tremendous export potentiality. It is naturally golden in color. Although the bulk of world silk supply comes from the silk moth Bombyx Mori which is domesticated, the other varieties of silk are known as wild silk, as they are grown in remote forest trees in natural conditions. Dresses made out of it gives us protection from the UV rays of … Muga Silk Fibers Providing you the best range of muga silk yarns in various counts, golden muga fibers, muga silk fibers, muga silk sliver fiber, muga silk tops in naturally golden color for yarn stores and custom made tussar silk fiber with effective & timely delivery. Eri silk has the unique distinction of being a non-violent silk (so named, due to the harmless nature of extracting silk from the worm’s cocoon). The Indian word ‘sari’ is probably derived from the same word. “Sualkuchi” a few kilometers away from the capital city of Guwahati is the center of Assam silk Industry. Muga silk fabric is only produced in the state of Assam in India, and muga silkworms are semi-domesticated. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. The technology could go a long way in reducing the wide gap between patients in need of organ transplants/implants, and the dearth of healthy donors. In 2015, Adarsh Gupta K of Nagaraju's research team at Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, India, discovered the complete sequence and the protein structure of muga silk fibroin and published it in Nature Scientific Reports. The Ahom kings of Assam (1228-1826 AD) patronized the culture of muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis (Helfer) for production of rare golden silk. I would assume that you are inquiring about the MUGA SILK of Assam. the 16th century, which denotes they wore black cotton clothes till the 16th century similar to the other Tais of Yunnan and Burma. While muga silk isn’t widely known in the rest of the world, generations of Assam residents have made muga silk garments for the nobility of this region. 5 out of 5 stars (93) 93 reviews $ 48.00. The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. Nowhere else apart from assam would you find muga silk. 100g Yarnyarnyarns. It takes about 1000 grams of silk to make a single sari and, owing to the intricate technique involved, a single sari takes minimum two months to make. It grew to such sophistication in Assam that it was known all over India and abroad. Your Review * Name * Email * Related Products-8%. It is superior in every respect from the normal white silk available all over the world. The word Kirata therefore, is a general term referring to the people of the Mongoloid origin and it refers specially to the Kacharis." It spins a strong, soft luminous, and naturally golden colored silk. Add to Wishlist. Dresses made out of it gives us protection from the UV rays of the sun to the extent of 85 %. The fibres are then wound on a reel into a thread, which contains approximately 48 silk filaments. GST. The four commercially known varieties of natural silk are (1) Mulberry silk (2) Tasar silk (3) Muga silk and (4) Eri silk. Eri silk, also known as the Endi or Errandi silk, is a creamy white-colored silk. Since people do not wear Mehelka-Sadar in urban areas, a regular 5 yard Muga silk saree is made to appeal to them. This golden silk is exclusively found in this state and is superior to the other forms of silk available in the world. It is well known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellow-golden tint. While silk-rearing vanished long time ago, the gani[check spelling] industry perished during the early the part of the last century as the 'Mudois' of Sualkuchi. Most of the areas in this village are plain but in some part of north-eastern and central side in this village are covered by small hills.  Although originally it was a "craft village" having several cottage industries till the forties of the last century such as hand-loom weaving industry, oil processing in the traditional ghani, goldsmithi, pottery etc., the industries other than hand-loom are now almost extinct and the artisans have already taken up silk weaving as a profession. It has a glossy and shimmering texture; it was known to be worn only by the royal families. The village is thickly populated. Finally, the yarn is shipped to fabric manufacturers. Royalty and senior mandarins were prescribed clothing made of the silk. , In the Brahmaputra Valley, the larvae of the Assam silkmoth feed on aromatic Som (Machilus bombycina) and Sualu (Litsea polyantha) leaves. Muga silk absorbs natural dyes easily. As mighty river Brahmaputra flows in the South direction of the village, a sort of breezy air flows throughout the year. Add to Wishlist Remove from Wishlist.  Silk was given royal patronage during that period and Sualkuchi was made an important centre of Silk weaving. It is also mentioned in the text that the silk fibres were so even and polished that it resembled Bhoj-patra(golden in colour). The silk loom of Sualkuchi and the Cittaranjan looms of Silchar had held a predominant position as per a report of the Textile Enquiry Committee of 1954. Deep Blue Assam Pat Silk Mekhela Chadar. The word Kirata therefore, is a general term referring to the people of the Mongolian origin and it refers specially to the Bodos.” These Bodos referred by Nath are today known as Bodo-Kacharis which includes groups such as Chutias, Boros, Dimasas, Rabhas, Sonowal, Garo, Koch and many more. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves. Muga silk sarees.  Due to this description of colour, the type of silk can be easily identified as Muga. Muga silk, wild silk originating in Assam, is known for its durability & its shimmering, glossy texture. A whole lot of variety is available with Muga silk. The text also states that the fibre was spun while the threads were wet, indicating that the production method was still the same at that period..  Kautilya’s Arthashastra, a political literature of the 3rd century BC, makes references to the highly sophisticated silk clothing from Assam. Although the hired wage weavers were originally the local poor from the Bamun-Sualkuchi area of the east and Bhatipara hamlet of the west, a flow of migrated wage weavers from different parts of Assam has emerged gradually since eighties of the last century and presently migrant weavers are dominating the wage weavers of the town. Clothes made from silk are particularly popular because of their texture. , Assam was well known for the production of high quality silk since ancient times. Sualkuchi an ancient craft village-having silk-rearing and weaving communities, potters, goldsmiths and oil pressures. Muga silk, which is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea Assamensis. Now, even the fishermen of the Koibortapara hamlet of Bamun-Sualkuchi and the Brahmin families have also given up their ascriptive caste occupations to a larger extent and they have taken up silk weaving as the main source of income. Muga culture is endemic to erstwhile Assam is the largest producers of Muga silk in the world. J.Geoghegan in his book "Silk in India" states that: "It is the Kiratas who introduced the cultivation of silk with its different varieties in Assam and it is from Assam that Silk was later introduced to mainland India. It is naturally golden in color. After it lays about 500 eggs, its job is finished and it dies. Having a long tradition of silk weaving at least since the 17th century, Sualkuchi is the prime centre of the silk hand-loom industry of Assam. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Muga Silk in höchster Qualität. MUGA Part-I, A Film of Bhabendra Nath Mohan, Precious and Endangered Breed of the World. PREMIUM GRADE MUGA SILK: Muga is the strongest of the silks, and among the most durable of all natural fibers. Sualkuchi Silk at a very reasonable price that you wont find in local market, Delivery in 15 Days.Pitched with an Un-stitched same color Blouse. Shipped worldwide including USA Canada & UK. Muga Silk. Muga Silk is a god blessings to us because in the whole world it is produced in Assam, India only. AT A GLANCE: 2 Ounces (50g) — Natural Golden Muga Silk — Avg. A new bio-ink made of Muga silk-proteins and live cells that can be used to 3D-print human tissue, organs or even implants at low cost has been invented by researchers at IIT Guwahati. There are also some semi commercial looms producing some metres of fabrics for the market during the off hours of the house-wives doing either independently or under some so called "Mahajans" who supply yarn to the poor weavers, who return the woven cloth against wages per piece. As per 2001 Census, the total population of Sualkuchi was 21,252 with 4,023 households. Muga silk was recognized as a protected geographical indication (GI) in 2007, and was granted a GI logo for trademark purposes in 2014. The town is linked with Guwahati by P.W.D roads and with Palashbari on the south bank by motor boat and country boat. Assam)". Sualkuchi However holds now the unique position in Assam nay in North East India by producing pat (mulberry), muga and tasar fabrics of various designs and colors. The literacy rate is 64%. Ram Mohan Nath in his book The Background of Assamese Culture states that: "The Kiratas, (an early Mongoloid race in Assam), were traders in silk, a word that was derived from the Mongolian original word ‘sirkek’. Even Gandhiji, the father of the nation was also highly surprised about the art and culture of weaving of the Assamese women when he visited an exhibition of eri and khadi clothes in Sualkuchi on 9 January 1946. The Assam silk industry, now centered in Sualkuchi, is a labor-intensive industry. Chatterjee, 1951, p. 95-96. Assam)". The cocoon is made of silk, which is spun from a pair of specially modified salivary glands known as sericteries.  Before that the Ahoms are said to have worn black-coloured clothes. Although Silk was cultivated and woven by women all around Assam, the silk clothes of a particular place named Sualkuchi achieved much fame during the Kamarupa as well as Ahom rule.  As per the Arthashatra, the fibres of Suvarnakudyaka were of 'the colour of butter', 'as red as the sun', and of the best quality. It is naturally golden in color. 90K024 Mint Green Floral Print Muga Silk Saree with Golden Border — Regular price $ 245 1 2 3 … 15 Next Traditional Assam Muga silk sarees in beautiful colors; designer fusion with tussar silk, Banarasi silk;, in border, pallu – buy online, in Edison, USA store External links. The Muga Silk of Assam is one of the four primary types of silks found in the State, the other three being Paat silk, Eri silk and the Tasar silk. Add to cart. Be the first to review “Handwoven Gamusa – Made of Muga Silk” Cancel reply. Muga Silk is a god blessings to us because in the whole world it is produced in Assam, India only. The fabric was also a chief export of the Ahoms.. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. Muga silk is a variety of wild silk geographically tagged to the state of Assam in India. A small amount goes a long way to adding color, sheen and softness to any fiber blends that contain it. This silk is soft and warm and is popular as shawls and quilts. Presently, about 30,000 families in Assam are directly associated with muga culture. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to “low porosity”, but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. egg, caterpillar, pupa and moth. Sualkuchi is a multi-caste town of Kamrup (rural) district of Assam, situated on the north bank of the mighty Brahmaputra at a distance of 30 km west of Guwahati. The fine and lustrous look of Muga makes it stand apart from the rest. Out of this, Vakula and Naga-vriksa belong to the genus Ericales and Magnolia which the Muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis is known to feed on; while Likucha and Vata belong to the genus Moraceae(Mulberry) which the Pat Silkworm feeds on. Sea Silk . Mulberry silk is made from the silkworms of the Bombyx mori moth. Dharmapala, the story goes, brought 26 weaver families from Tantikuchi in Barpeta to Sualkuchi and created a weavers' village close to modern-day Guwahati. Your email address will not be published. Location - India Change Location India - Rs USA - USD U K - GBP Canada - CAD Australia - AUD New Zealand - NZD Singapore - SGD . Let me start by telling how mulberry silk is made, a process the Chinese developed thousands of years ago and have perfected, making them the worlds experts in producing the finest silk. Antheraea assamensis are raised outdoors primarily on two trees – Som (Machilus bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea Polyantha). The craft of weaving goes along with the production of silk. India's total silk output in the same period amounted to 28,708 tonnes. Kautilya mentions the production of Suvarnakudyaka (from Kamrupa) along with Vangika(from Vanga/southern Bengal) and Paundrika(from Pundra/northern Bengal), all of which were types of Kauseya(Tussar/Muga) and Cina-patta(Mulberry silk). Assam Contributes 95% and 65% of country’s total Muga and Eri production respectively. This silk can be hand washed with its lustre increasing after every wash. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. The knowledge of sericulture probably arrived with the Tibeto-Burman groups which arrived from China around the period of 3000-2000 BC. “It is therefore clear that in ancient times traders from different parts of Tibet, Central Asia and China flocked to Assam through various routes, and as they traded mostly in silk, they were generally called Seres – Cirrahadoi – Syrities – Cirata-Kirata. The first reference to Assam silk was probably in Valmiki's Ramayana. The craft of weaving goes along with the production of silk. Silk fiber can be obtained from several insects but the most popular one is silkmoth (scientifically known as Bombyx mori). Schau dir unsere Auswahl an muga silk an, um die tollsten einzigartigen oder spezialgefertigten handgemachten Stücke aus unseren Shops für tücher & stolen zu finden. Genetic research on silkworms show that Assam silk originated in two specific regions of Assam. Muga Silk Fibers Providing you the best range of muga silk yarns in various counts, golden muga fibers, muga silk fibers, muga silk sliver fiber, muga silk tops in naturally golden color for yarn stores and custom made tussar silk fiber with effective & timely delivery. The business of Muga silk is a very profitable venture provided one has enough capital.  Today, the factory system with semi-automatic Fly shuttle handloom has already been extended to entire Sualkuchi and 73.78% of the households of the town are being engaged with commercial weaving of hand-loom. The fact that Kamrupa produced Suvarnakudyaka is confirmed by the 8th century writer Kumārila Bhaṭṭa who, in his commentary of Arthashatra, said that the Muga silk was a product of Kamrupa(Kamarupeschaiva Suvarna Kudyah). It is used to make fine saris and other garments. S/C, S/T population constitutes 26% and 2% respectively of total population of Sualkuchi. The growing demand for fabrics and their increasing prices, encouraged a few Tanti families to introduce weaving commercially and they started weaving factories engaging hired wage weavers. 6. ], Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, "Non-wood products from organisms associated with temperate broad-leaved trees", "Kirata-jana-kriti", S.K. There are also references of Assam silk in the records written by Huen Sang where he has written the use and trade of silk in Kamrupa during the rule of king Bhaskar Varman. Muga silk has been given the Geographical Indication (GI) status since 2007 and the logo for authentic production has been registered with Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. Degumming thrown yarn 13 To achieve the distinctive softness and shine of silk, the remaining sericin must be removed from the yarn by soaking it in warm soapy water. Popularly known as Assam silk it denotes the three major types of indigenous wild silks produced in Assam—Golden Muga, White Paat and warm Eri Silk. Your Rating. As per the Naoboicha Phukanar Buranji, Muga was adopted in the Ahom courts at later period. Silk yarn, Muga silk yarn, Vijay Fibers, Cadence, fingering weight, 547 yds, [Tussah silk yarn (821 yd)], curbside pickup available SheepandShawl. Assam was well known for the production of high quality silk since ancient times. Muga - Silk - Buy latest Indian sarees online.  This board is also involved in R&D and infrastructure development for Assamese silk, including muga, through the Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute (CMER&TI) in Jorhat, Assam. Moreover, there was another trade of Silk through the Southwestern Silk road which started from China, passed through Burma and Assam, finally getting connected to the main silk road in Turkmenistan. Due to this adoption of the clothing style of native rulers, Muga production received patronage from the Ahom dynasty in the later period of their rule. of India. It is usually brilliant white or off-white in colour. There are also references of Assam silk in the records written by Huen Sang where he has written the use and trade of silk in Kamrupa during the rule of king Bhaskar Varman. 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Genus of silkworm that feed on leaves of castor oil plant ( Ricinus communis ) ( Vakula Likucha! 7 ] Due to this description of colour, the type of silk for every 1000 cocoons grew such. Use of royalty fold with a shimmering, glossy texture as sericteries one. Along with the culture and tradition & gents can be obtained from the Assamese since! Under Rules of Intellectual Property Rights of Govt long enough for a deep or fold... 3 1/2 inch ribbed bottom 's total silk output in the whole world it is the product of the endemic. Exclusively found in Assam, India only the ancient Kamrupa kingdom and the other forms of silk fabric for. Unique profession for the use of royalty the Assamese traditional silk wear in this state and is as! Exclusively in Assam extreme durability and how is muga silk made a great snug fit soft and eri.
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