types of thai silk
My research says that this style gained popularity during the reign of King Rama VI (the king after King Chulalongkhorn). All the silk shops are connected to weaving groups that will have it. ); the difference between quality and inferior silk; and of course the best places to purchase silk fabric in The Kingdom. Fascinating! Can you please advise what’s the best place to buy one in Thailand? I hope you’re not too disappointed. Obviously, handwoven fabrics are only as good as the weaver that produced them. If the selvages are smooth and straight, the fabric is not handwoven. The shortness of the filaments makes for a dull silk yarn. There are vendors at these tourist markets who may try to sell you Thai silk, but rest assured, their silk is either counterfeit or at best a very low grade silk. My interest started with the thread. A general rule is that solid color Thai silk should shimmer, but patterned Thai silk may not. It can be either solid color or patterned and its prices are quite reasonable. Your biggest problem will be language (I assume you don’t speak or read Thai). I recommend Treenway Silks at http://www.treenwaysilks.com I believe they ship worldwide. For a full Historical perspective of Thai silk and fabrics, please read my blog entry: Thai Traditional Fabrics: 3,000 years in 15 Minutes. Also, near the edges of handwoven fabrics is an area that it’s often the easiest to see slubbing. It is so great to be able to learn so much through your blog. The Queen Sirikit Museum of Textiles in Bangkok is a state-of-the-art museum dedicated to Thai silk and includes the country's first dedicated textile conservation laboratory. Always read the care instructions that should be sewn near the label. The best souvenir found here, however, is its huge selection of quality Thai silk. Remember: Nothing speaks to old Thai traditions more eloquently than Thai silk. The “tightness” or resolution and complexity of the mudmee pattern is crucial to a quality determination. I posted a picture there. But you can certainly purchase top-grade brocaded silk as a gift for your mom. Ban Sawai, Ban Chan Rom, Ban Sinarin are all silk weaving villages near Surin. I know my uncle bought it when he was in the military stationed in the area. These fabric inconsistencies are called slubs and are crucial to recognizing authentic Thai silk from its counterfeits. In fact I never buy silk in Chiang Mai. Hand reeling silk produces three grades of silk: two finer grades for lightweight fabrics and a thicker graded fabric. Thai silk is still commonly woven in what’s called dressmaker’s bolts. Eri silk production, on the other hand, amounts to only a fraction of these quantities, grown by a small network of 600 families scattered throughout 28 provinces in north, northeast, and central Thailand. Small Praewa scarf $50. You can quickly develop a feel for authentic Thai silk also. Hi Badrinath. It’s a buyer’s guide for educating yourself about the different types of Thai silk, prices, quality and of course where to buy. The more colors in the mudmee pattern means a more complicated weave that demands more precision. What about the dying or color of the fabric? Thanks for the inquiry. Among them mulberry silk is the most important and contributes as much as 90 per cent of world production, therefore, the term "silk" in general refers to the silk of the mulberry silkworm. Their stores should have a plentiful selection of Thai silk bolts and/or apparel. Came across this article by chance. Hope to see a photo. Even The Kingdom’s best weavers can’t produce a flawless weave for a variety of reasons. I plan to go to the Silk Zone and visit a Tailor/Dressmaker there. However, on average, tussah silk is a harsher, less durable silk. I’m currently working on another Thai Silk Compendium on IG, but it won’t be finished for a month or so. Well I’m sorry I didn’t receive your comment. Another kind of pattern that is woven in Thai silk is called yok dork. Tank size; Filters; Heaters; Lightings; Water quality; Diet of Flower horn; Flowerhorn care; Flowerhorn Breeding; Flowerhorn Fish Price in India; Other names for Flowerhorn Naturally dyed Thai silk is much sought after by collectors who will purchase a specific bolt to add to their collection. Thanks. Silk yarns are not equal in quality. Make sure to have your seamstress line your Thai silk curtains for protection from the sun. Plain weaves make great apparel which is why many dressmakers keep a good selection on hand for their customers. Tussah silk, collected from the wild, lacks the consistent quality. Download Thai silk pattern stock photos. Here’s an extremely generalized price outline for handwoven, quality Thai silk. Before the silk worm can leave it’s cocoon and metamorphose into a moth, the pods are collected and heated, killing the silk worm inside. If so, ask the owner these types of questions: How long have you been in business? A dressmaker’s bolt is a single bolt about 4 yards long (no coincidence that this is the exact yardage you need for a single woman’s suit or dress), with half the bolt being the pattern and the other half is the solid color that perfectly matches the pattern’s color. Chonnobot, Khon Kaen, Thailand 40180. Brocaded Dressmakers Bolt (4 meters) $200-$1,500. Most dressmakers are more than happy if you bring them the fabric to make your outfit. Click here. Most importantly, always keep in mind that with Thai silk, the journey is always as valuable as the destination. The difference is that hand-reeled threads produce three grades of silk: two fine grades that are ideal for lightweight fabrics and a thick grade for heavier material. Hi Korbinian, This article is about woven Thai silk fabrics. Do you have a recommendation as to which location will have the best quality and fair price? To be able to identify genuine Thai silk easily, Thailand's Agriculture Ministry uses a peacock emblem to authenticate Thai silk and protect it from imitations. Heating the cocoon in hot water softens the gummy substance which binds together the cocoon. Best of luck to you. A national museum in a jungle-like setting in the centre of Bangkok, the Jim Thompson House is the former home of an entrepreneur and ex-spy who took Thai silk-weaving from the status of a dying craft to world renown. The name Jim Thompson and Thai silk go hand-in-hand. Plains weaves are the most economical of all Thai silk fabric because of the simplicity of its weave. If you made it through this tutorial, I officially declare you an educated Thai silk buyer. I am actually looking for thai mulberry silk in Thailand to produce pillowcases. Thanks a lot! It’s extremely rare and extremely costly today (if you can even find it.) This legendary fabric deserves its title as the “Queen of Thai Silks”. You want to buy silk with a colorfast dye so it doesn’t bleed when washed. I live in Bangkok and would like some silk shirts made. Treenway Silks will give you a good selection at a good price. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. I contacted a silk shop in Thailand @silk_myway about this type of Thai silk. I detail this process in “Thai Sericulture: Making Silk“. Are you in Bangkok or a silk weaving region? Throughout the 1950s, silk shops opened up across Bangkok. Was your uncle stationed in Udon Thani? An online webpage to interact with basically. Thai Dupioni silk is one of the most common types of silk fabric in The Kingdom. Watching this video will give you a great overview of Thai silk and you’ll better understand this tutorial. This effect is accomplished by using a silk yarn composed of 4 individual threads (4-Ply) that are each dyed a different color and twisted together.”. Brocaded silks are often found in Northern Thailand and they’re known for their delicate, pastel colors. (I wrote an entire post about it here.) The heat unraveled the silk across the entire garden. Exotic Thai can be found on the fourth floor of one of the most luxurious malls in Bangkok, Siam Paragon. This post is about buying Thai silk while visiting Thailand. You will find a central silk market in town and fabric shops. Created by Irene Sharaff, the production served to promote the material to the American audience and fueled interest in the country.. But how do I know if a silk shop is legitimate? Thai silk (Thai: ผ้าไหมไทย) is produced from the cocoons of Thai silkworms. Classic editor History Talk (0) Share. You will find dedicated silk shops throughout Thailand in the silk weaving provinces. So quality simply presents itself as the following question: How complicated was the weave; how well accomplished was that weave; and what is the quality of the silk yarns used by the weaver? As a weaver creates her fabric, she almost always looms with inconsistent yarns that produce the slub. (I’m being polite.) This effect is done by using different colored silk yarns for the vertical (the warp) and horizontal (the weft). Thai silk tip: If the solid color Thai silk has a rough texture with bumps and nits, it’s dupioni Thai silk, not a plain weave. textured fabric, unlike brocaded silk. Even if you don’t buy from them you should still go to their website. https://m.facebook.com/story.php?story_fbid=10221708114845826&id=1643899278. When selecting fabric of your clothes, usually you just go with terms like cotton, wool, knit, polyester etc. Hi Jeff, In other words, the purchase of your Thai silk was actually the first step toward having something special made . Color Card - Silk Dupioni. The predominant markets are the US and the UK. Many Thai silk fabrics will shimmer; but many won’t as the weaver chose to use the same color wend and warp yarns. Thank you so much in advance. It is strong, durable, and elastic. Attachment You’re about to be ripped off. For his contributions to Thai culture, he was awarded the Order of the White Elephant by the Kingdom of Thailand. Once washed and dried, the silk is then woven using a traditional hand-operated loom. Is Thai silk hand wash only? Paris fashion designer Pierre Balmain chose Praewa silk to design many outfits for Queen Sirikit. https://www.alibaba.com/product-detail/Thai-silk-hair-shimmer-tinsel_105993893.html?spm=a2700.7724838.2017115.1.1a7d7e53mTFwh6. Great blog, such detail. I am 99.9% sure it’s polyester or another synthetic fiber. I would like to buy some Royal Brocaded Thai Silk as a saree gift for my Mom. I’ve been there and have closely inspected their stock and spoken at length to the owners.  The cocoons of eri silkworms are open-ended, meaning the grown larva can leave via the opening. Until recently I’ve been buying raw unbleached Thai silk (pluak mai) regularly from reputable sellers in Chiang Mai but now supplies have dried up. Surin. Many silk enthusiasts covet mudmee more than any other Thai silk. Different silk yarns react differently to commercial dyes. I just checked and all the photos loaded fine. Is the color(s) consistent across the bolt? Thai silk has become a coveted item across the globe, and it is one of the most sought after souvenirs by tourists and visitors of the Kingdom. The silk is similar to the composition of human hair and fingernails. Please go to my following blog posts: Buying Thai Silk in Bangkok and A Compendium of Thai Silk Shops on Instagram. Ban Phon. It’s an old tourist market trick to tell a gullible customer a fabric must be Thai silk because it shimmers and then undulate the fabric in front of the tourist’s face. Most of the Thai silk I buy is for making Thai pillows. Traditional Thai Silk is handwoven and is a nod to the splendor of the old Kingdom of Siam. Best of luck. The “metallic” thread you provided links to is neither metallic nor silk. All silk in Thailand will be mulberry silk. For apparel making, a dressmaker usually needs at least a week to make your outfit which includes at least one if not two fittings. In other words, a quality piece of Thai silk will have a tight weave with very few flaws. That is what authentic silk metallic thread is. The world of Thai silk mostly belongs to women. (Some complicated brocades are handwoven at a rate of about 3-4 centimeters a day!). Hi, my name is Dave and I am looking for silk yarns that I would like to use in fly tying. Big U.S. airbase there. Hi Tony and thanks for writing me. Mudmee silk is usually woven in Isaan, although weavers in the north occasionally produce it. Are you able to point me to potential makers/suppliers by any chance? Thai silk is known as being the best silk in the world. I’m going to refer you to a few silk sellers who I think will sell via mail order. Don’t shop the tourist markets. These shops often carry an inventory of very good quality Thai silk especially plain weaves. Bargaining is not how legitimate Thai silk sellers do business. Natural dyes (plant dyes) are not colorfast and cannot be washed at all without severely degrading the color. Business suit, sarong, evening attire, etc. I speak little thai so I am able to communicate over phone if thers no webshop. The photos are so important to understanding my tutorial. Shop owners love to talk silk and if they speak English will welcome your questions. These are all quality issues. Are the prices too good to be true? In mudmee weaving, the fabric’s pattern is tie-dyed onto a single silk thread (the horizontal weft yarn) much like human DNA is encoded with our genetics. In weaving Thai silk, a different colored silk yarn is often used for the horizontal and vertical yarns. Please check out this amazing, informative blogpost to learn more about Thai Silk (there are many counterfeits out there). If your only reason for going on a silk safari to Isaan is to get a better price, then you’re better off canceling your trip. That’s as much fun as buying the silk. The Thai Silk, also known as Titanium, is a relatively new strain which is almost completely metallic blue, gold, or white. If you find yourself with a silk seller that suddenly drops the price of a bolt after trying to get you to buy it at a higher price-run for the door. The woman who wove the fabric certainly knows the market value of her product. Here is the link to FB. Eight kilometers from Surin lies Ban Tha Sawang. Great question. It’s not unusual for the finest brocaded Thai silk to cost $1,000 or more for a 2-4 meter bolt. The majority of silk I buy is from small village cooperatives where the silk is actually woven. (the textile term for a fabric’s edge is the selvedge.) You and your dressmaker will decide how to use the solid color and the pattern to your liking. Large Scarves $30-$100. To forestall the damage, processors boil the mulberry cocoons to kill the larva, leading organisations such as PETA to blacklist mulberry silk.. Finally Siamese weavers had mastered the skill and art of silk weaving and began producing silks with quality enough to rival China, India and the Middle East. Yes, there are more types of weave, and of course every village produces their own unique silk, but almost all Thai silks will fall into these four catagories. Beware: The easiest trick in fabric counterfeits is to make the fabric shimmer. She never did anything with it. Thai silk Flowerhorn; Tank Requirements for Flowerhorn. How do I follow the Golden Rule of knowing the source? No one knows how silk thread came to Baan Chiang. Good luck. There are four types of Thai Silk: Plain Weave, Brocaded, Dupioni, and Mudmee. Best of luck. Habotai, a medium-quality silk, sacrifices the durability of mulberry silk for a major cut in expense. I’ll discuss silk shops in more detail shortly and point out the signs of trustworthiness, but first I wanted to stress the most fundamental rule in silk buying: Always know about your seller before you buy. To be able to identify genuine Thai mulberry silk easily, Thailand's Agriculture Ministry uses a peacock emblem to authenticate Thai silk and protect it from imitations. The texture of the fabric is coarse, fine, and dense. Thai Silk Village. Types of fabric. Thai Silk Village Hua-Hin, Hua Hin: Address, Phone Number, Thai Silk Village Hua-Hin Reviews: 3.5/5 I have two recommendations: 1. There are expert weavers, journey-woman weavers, novice weavers and just plain bad weavers. Thank you in advance for any information. I would like to.bring my girlfriend a true silk bathrobe from my trip. It’s really a combination of all the characteristics below and your common sense. You’ll be easy prey for even a rookie silk shark. She planted the whole garden with mulberry trees and that’s how it all began. Weaving with this “rough” silk yarn will yield a wonderfully textured fabric we call dupioni. I recommend the “Silk Zone” in Bangkok. Thai silk is a gateway to Old Siam and a culture that’s quickly disappearing. If I told you I bought a Rolex at a Bangkok street market for $100, would you believe the watch to be authentic? Eri silk is a staple fiber, unlike other silks, which are a continuous filament. Try to find small imperfections in the weave or pattern. Some looms can be quite small, while others may stand thirty feet tall and take three women to operate. It comes in an array of colors, patterns and plies, and is sold by the meter or as ready-made clothing and souvenir items such as neckties, scarves, handkerchiefs, shawls, handbags, photo frames, bed covers and so on. (AKA-the weft and warp yarns) This is what produces the shimmering effect. Silk and warm weather go very well together. This is the most complicated type of Thai silk to produce. Last One Handmade Set 5 Thai Silk Fabric Coasters, Drinker Coasters, Beverage Coasters, Beermat,Housewarming Gift Thaihandmade10. Golden Base Fader Flowerhorn; 5. reviving the Thai silk industry in the 1950s/1960s. Esaan is silk country and home to sticky rice, Isaan sausage, Thai roast chicken, fermented red ant eggs (a delicacy) and of course somtom, the spicy green papaya salad that Thais can’t get enough of. The basic weaves of brocaded, dupioni and mudmee and of course plain weave are not equal in terms of the expertise needed to produce the fabric. Enthusiastically? Weaving a brocade is more complicated than weaving most dupioni. This has led to eri silk being termed "peace silk" as its production harms no living organisms. While she was enjoying her afternoon cup of tea, a cocoon fell into her cup. The town is located about 25 kilometers south of Kon Gan. Mechanical looms produce fabric edges that are smooth and clean. Prices for quality mudmee silk can vary tremedously, depending on quality. Fine brocaded Thai silk will always be considered “better” quality than a dupioni weave, just based on the expertise required. The pattern is similar to Indian patterns and the tag states “Manufactured by Bombay Bazar”. And after reading the rest of this tutorial, you’ll have a solid, basic knowledge of Thai silk. What sewing stores sell you today under the name “metallic thread” is a plastic or synthentic material that mimics a metal that’s coated over a strong polyester core. Best of luck! Sorry, but I don’t know any tailors in Phuket. The Price Test: There are no cut-rate bargains for Thai silk as explained earlier, especially for good quality Thai silk. There is a consistency to the feel of Thai silk. They can all have different weights and handles. Prices can easily double or triple for naturally dyed Thai silk. Thank you! I like the luxurious shimmer effect of Thai silk and love Thailand. They usually have a tailor/dressmaker available for their guests. Hi Jay Cee. China produces 100,000 tonnes of silk a year, 80 percent of the global market, while Thai silk exports account for just 0.1 percent of global production, with most Thai silk used locally.. When you enter a fabric store, you should already have a good idea as to what the end use of the fabric will be. Would you be able to recommend a store where I can buy silk yarns? Hi Jeff, There are a couple big silk yarn producers in Thailand, but they sell commercially. Would you be kind enough to advise on the very first step on searching for suppliers in Thailand? (I will explain slubbing and its relevance a little later.). There was an attempt in the early 20th century to develop the industry, with the help of a Japanese sericulture expert, Kametaro Toyama. It’s 15-20 independent silk vendors grouped together in a shopping plaza in central Bangkok. Praewa Thai Silk Weaver. It’s famous for its bright colors, beautiful designs and gorgeous quality. (Yes, this is a simplification of types of Thai silk, but for the novice silk buyer, it’s an easy and effective way to classify silk.). “Silk sharks” are everywhere, especially at tourist markets. Study the fabric very closely. Again, there are no bargains in the Thai silk trade. Is the silk inventory clean and well presented? I wrote a blog article with lots of photos about brocaded silk entitled “A Silk Safari to Ban Ta-Sa-Wang“. You can find good quality mudmee for $100/1.5 meter bolt (sarong lenght). There is no substitute for experience. Hi! Thanks for writing. Your recommendations will keep me busy for some time by the looks of it. As a layman, you may get confused on hearing more specific names like Dupioni silk, Jersey knit, Tweed wool, polyester taffeta etc. Any slubbing will increase the character of the bolt, not decrease it. Rather, it was American tourists who sustained the local development of a silk industry in Thailand. Price is not an issue as I am looking for something that is top quality and something she can cherish to have for a long time. The origin of this fish is not clear. I got all her body measurings to give it to a tailor but I don’t know to which. They’re made exclusively for your purpose. The best bet (safest) is always hand wash in cool water, gently wring, and dry without direct sunlight. Men usually produce raw silk and engage in sericulture. Raw Thai silk is still made the old fashioned way in Thailand. Slubbing occurs with fabric that has been handwoven from a silk yarn that’s made with rough, uneven silk filament. I am yet to plan my trip so I can visit any part of the country to buy the same. Often the Chonobot silk shops will have large amounts of raw silk in back of their store. I have a piece of silk that is probably about 50 years old. (That’s because it isn’t sold at a tourist market.) It takes a lot more skill and labor to dye fabric with natural plants than with commercial dyes. But if you want to get off the well-beaten tourist trail and seek a little adventure, then by all means contemplate a silk safari to Isaan. Best regards and thanks for everything. The best place to buy Thai silk, of course, is in Thailand and Bangkok, the capital city, has some of the most wonderful Thai silk shops where you can find beautiful quality items at … I have many times chosen a heavily slubbed bolt over another because I preferred the character of the slubbing. If you’re interested in Thai fabrics or Thai hand-weaving, please see the many other blog entries I’ve written. The production of Thai silk begins with the Bombyx mori, a small silk worm that comes from the eggs of a silk moth. Plain weaves are often machine woven, although you can find plenty of bolts of handwoven plain weaves in the silk weaving villages of Esaan (Northeast Thailand). There is no single attribute or characteristic that will easily determine if a bolt of fabric is authentic Thai silk. , In Thailand, the Center for Excellence in Silk at Kasetsart University's Kamphaeng Saen campus plays a leading research role in sericulture research as well as providing silkworm eggs and know-how to Thai farmers.. Pre-Made Silk Apparel and Assesories: You can buy pre-made apparel of Thai silk and you’ll see it available at many fabric stores and upscale botiques, especially in Bangkok. I’ll assume you want to make pillowcases from plain weave Thai silk (although mudmee or other weaves could work). As I wrote in my blog, I recommend the Silk Zone at Old Siam Plaza in Bangkok to shop for silk. Mulberry silkworms, on the other hand, make a hole in the cocoon when emerging as moths, thus damaging the silk. I am wondering if you can tell me anything about it. Best of luck! The silk worm then spins its cocoon by secreting a single strand of silk filament, sometimes as long as 1,500 feet. Best of luck! Chonobot. When pulling silk fabric through a ring, it will easily pass through. Karl. " Throughout the 1950s, Thais remained little interested in Thai silk and considered it generally suitable only for fancy dress. I am looking for Thai Silk metallic thread…or what I’ve been told is silk thread. For their first year, these worms feast on the leaves of mulberry trees before building a cocoon with their spittle. Silk care: You can wash silk on the delicate cycle of most modern washing machines. Did silk traders from China bring it? Whenever I’m asked about buying silk yarn I always recommend the website http://www.treenwaysilks.com. How could you ever trust a seller who initially tried to sell you a bolt for let’s say $100, but now will take $60 for it. THANK YOU! Royal Thai silk is usually commissioned before weaving and is not sold in a store to the general public because of the time/cost. The Dressmakers Bolt. Is it tight? Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Thai weavers separate the completed cocoons from the mulberry bush and soak them in a vat of boiling water to separate the silk thread from the caterpillar inside the cocoon. Kamfa Flowerhorn; 2. I don’t know. In contrast, artificial silk is machine woven, which means that every part of the fabric is identical and has the same color. And remember, dupioni Thai silk is deliberately slubbed which gives it its famous texture. They might be perfect for your project.). The general rule for dying is to test, test and test again the dyes on small bolts of the fabric. I’m giving you their Instagram names. […] Thai Silk: The finest silk fabric in the world is woven in Northern Thailand. Making silk yarn that is fit for weaving is quite complicated, involving many steps. I learned so much! I would never buy silk fabric from a store that also sells tourist trinkets or non-fabric items. Than anything else second choice for a variety of reasons to educate you a... To source unbleached silk thread came to Baan Ta-Sawaeng ( very near to Surin and! Century BC i will wear the shirts at night and i have checked them out and connected Instagram... 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Of places to buy some Royal brocaded Thai silk is deliberately slubbed which gives its! Fabrics and a huge selection of silk was exported from Thailand filaments of silk fabric in the of! Staple fiber, unlike other silks, which means squirrel tail in Thai silk should,. Them by phone also belongs to women the weft/warp recommend the website http: //www.treenwaysilks.com s.! ( AKA-the types of thai silk and warp yarns ), but you can wash on!